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Minimal training enhances the restraining process

The problem (to be overcome or reduced)?

Between 2004 and 2013, there were on average 15,375 officer assaults with injuries recorded in the US, [*National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund
**Federal Bureau of Investigations]. In 2011, 23 officers in the US who were killed during arrest situations restraining violent offenders. [fbi.gov (2011)]

The risks to Police Officers is adequately highlighted by a 2012 US study, in that the largest proportion of incidents causing injury to police officers at work occur as a result of controlling/arresting suspects (41.0% of work related injuries) and as expected, the overwhelming majority of assaults to police officers occurred when officers were controlling/arresting suspects (90.9% of all assaults occurred when arresting suspects)

[Police Quarterly, Brandl and Stroshine (2012: 15 (3))]

What are the dangers?

The danger period, for most officers is between applying the first cuff and preparing to engage the second cuff. At this time, most officers are within striking distance of the offender and officers have a tendency to, relax their mental and physical approach, believing they have control of an offender. However, this is a prime opportunity for those offenders who intend to put up a fight, to make their move on hearing the unmistakable clicking sound of the first cuff ratchet engaging.

Once an offender has made their mind up to resist violently, they are already one step ahead of the restraining officer. In respect of this, current chain linked style handcuff, do not provide the restrainer with effective leverage to maintain control over an offender while the second cuff is applied.

Traditionally as the officer applies the second cuff it must remain in an open position which an offender can use to their advantage, as mentioned above, and in one explosive action can manifest a weapon from the open handcuff. This then gives the offender opportunity to draw a previously concealed weapon, or create the “CuffShank” where an offender engages the open cuff with an open palm, grabbing the center and using the cuff like a shank or a claw (see picture below).

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In the majority of reported control/arrest incidents the offenders often appear to cooperate with officers creating a false sense of security, especially once the first cuff had been applied.

The real challenge for all officers is gaining control of the free or unrestrained arm and applying the second cuff while still effectively controlling the offender. While officers are focused on engaging the second cuff, the offender becomes aggressive while their remaining arm is still free.

[PoliceOne.com, Demetrious, G (1st May 2009) “Be mindful of the handcuff ‘rip’ tactic by violent offenders”]

The ‘Cuff Rip’ is where the offenders ‘rip’ or pull the handcuffed arm away suddenly, at which point an offender can pivot and lunge at an officer who will naturally follow the cuff as it escapes their grasp, and fall right into the path of offender assault.

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The Advantages of Using the S-TEN CUFF™

The S-TEN CUFF™  has male and female counterparts; either part, provides an independent grip, allowing the use of leverage to maintain control of an offender.

Leverage from the cuff will allow the officer to keep control of the offender with little physical effort and therefore can be utilised effectively by a person of any body size.
The style of the S-TEN CUFF™  prevents the offender from using it as an offensive weapon should an unrestrained arm become free.

The officer can keep effective control of an offender and be in a position to apply the second cuff without assistance. This is because the officer can apply the second connecting cuff to the unrestrained arm, using leverage to bring the arms together.

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